Calabria: Scilla's hamlet of Chianalea. Image from turiscalabria.it

Italy’s “toe”, the region of Calabria, is little known as a tourist destination. Yet, it secretly offers some beautiful locations and a rich heritage. In particular, it features a number of tiny and charming borghi (hamlets) with architectural beauties, artistic treasures, local cultures and traditions that bear witness to the thousand-year old history of the region.

Ten of such villages are part of the circuit called “Italy’s most beautiful villages”, which includes small Italian towns of strong artistic and historical interest that are outside the main tourist routes.

Let’s explore Calabria’s loveliest hamlets through a treasure hunt that is ideal for both family & friends gatherings and corporate team building.

Aieta

This town of medieval origins has narrow and uneven alleys, and its dominating colors are the white façades and the red roofs of its houses. The treasure hunt begins in the most precious icon of Aieta: built in the XVI century, the Palazzo is one of the few buildings of the Renaissance in Calabria. Among local religious places, the Chiesa Madre stands out thanks to its stone entrance, and the pillars decorated by Gerardo Rea (1756).

Altomonte

Made of stairways and alleys going all around the main church, Altomonte offers the best example of Gothic-Angevin art in Calabria. Our first stop is in the XII-century castle of Norman origin: even though it now houses a hotel, it has maintained its original structure remarkably well. Panoramic views of the Esaro Valley can be enjoyed from the noble and austere Church of Madonna della Consolazione. Here you will feel a French atmosphere thanks to the Provencal influences of Filippo Sangineto, who enlarged the existing Norman church in 1342 in the style of the Angevin court of Naples.

The medieval center of Altomonte. Image from calabriatours.org

Bova

Bova’s cathedral features an exquisite Chapel of the Sacrament built by Sicilian masters specialized in colored marble inlay work. The ruins of the Norman castle (10th-11th century) stand at the top of a rocky spur. In fact, Bova itself is perched at 850 meters, from where you can admire the entire coastline. Our treasure hunt unfolds among other religious buildings, including the Church of the Carmine with a late Renaissance façade, the Church of the Immacolata with a Baroque carved stone portal, and the Church of San Rocco where services are held following the Greek-Byzantine rite. But the village also offers many noble residences that are worth exploring, including the 18th-century Palazzo Mesiani-Mazzacuva and Palazzo Nesci Sant´Agata.

Chianalea di Scilla

Scilla is a fisherman’s village on the coastal slopes of Aspromonte. To solve the scavenger hunt quest, you will find clues in the charming little alleys and the quay where the locals make their fishing nets and repair their boats. Embracing this sea landscape are beautiful palaces and castles, including Palazzo Scatena with its squared stone balconies, the eclectic Villa Zagari and the austere Castle of the Ruffo.

Civita

You will think that we have taken you outside of Italy and into another country for the treasure hunt, but in reality you are still in Calabria! Located in the heart of the Pollino Park, hidden between the rocks to escape from Saracen incursions, Civita safeguards the ancient traditions of the arbëresh people of Albanian descent. The urban structure of the town is very characteristic, made of neighborhoods called gjitonia (Albanian) that are not only physical but also define the local social organization. Most houses feature impressive chimneys, some of which are almost artworks built between the 1700s and 1900s. You will also notice some anthropomorphic-looking houses inspired by famous Albanian-Italian painter Ibrahim Kodra.

Here is a video showing the arbëresh celebrating Easter with traditional dances, costumes and chants in Civita.

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Fiumefreddo Bruzio

Here you will explore the ruins of the local Castle, destroyed by Napoleon’s army in 1807 due to the presence of Bourbon rebels. The Church of S. Michele Arcangelo also faces the test of time and violence: built in 1540, it presents itself as it remained after the earthquake in 1638 and preserves precious canvas by local artists. Fiumefreddo Bruzio offers various sightseeing options, including the Churches of Santa Chiara (1552) and San Rocco (18th century), and the Castiglione-Morelli Palace from the 16th century. The treasure hunt will finish at the table, where you can savor the exquisite Filiciata, a dish with fresh cheese served on fern leaves.

Gerace

Archaeological findings have shown that this area was already inhabited in the Neolithic Age! Gerace offers some notable attractions, including the old Normal Castle (started by the Byzantines in the 10th century) and the perfectly preserved medieval town. It also hosts the largest religious building in Calabria:  Cattedrale dell’Assunta covers 1868 mq and features two aisles, each divided by 13 columns coming from the ancient temples of Locri. Can you find all the Baroque features hidden around Gerace? You will certainly not miss the splendid Baroque marble altar in San Francis Church and the Baroque-style portal of Sacro Cuore Church. Even the desserts in Gerace are Baroque: rafioli are made of sponge cake covered with cream, sugar and egg whites poured over as a decoration!

The ruins of the Norman Castle in Gerace. Image from mondimedievali.net

Morano Calabro

Morano offers a unique scenario created by the stone of its archways, watch towers and an intricate mesh of roads, surrounded by the majestic hills. The overall vision resembles a nativity scene, with its humble homes descending to the valley and its labyrinth of alleyways rising toward the Castle. The ideal setting for an exciting treasure hunt! Morano is also full of lovely aristocratic palaces, including Palazzo Cozza with its angular portico, Palazzo dei Cavalieri Marzano with a characteristic red façade, and Palazzo Lauria with its beautiful Baroque portal.

Santa Severina

The village rises on tufa rock dominating the Neto river valley. In Santa Severina you will find the district of Grecìa with strong influences of the Byzantine domination, and the Iudea, inhabited by the Jews until their expulsion in 1510. The scavenger hunt begins in the Cathedral’s Baptistery, which is the oldest Byzantine monument in Calabria dating back to the 8th-9th century. The town’s majestic Castle was built by the Normans in 1076 on the remains of the previous Byzantine fortification. You should also not miss the 11th-century Church of Saint Filomena, an interesting example of Byzantine-Norman architecture
The Byzantine Church of Cattolica overlooking Stilo. Image from turiscalabria.it

Stilo

The journey around Stilo begins in its most iconic attraction, Cattolica, a small 9th-century temple with a Byzantine-style, square-Greek cross design. The monks of St. Basil (Basilians), who had found refuge from persecution in Calabria, were able to pursue their ideals of poverty and detachment from worldly concerns in Cattolica. Inside the temple, the frescoes – discovered by archaeologist Paolo Orsi in 1927 – are the only examples of 11th-century Norman painting in Calabria. Also not to be missed is the Baroque-style church of San Giovanni Theresti, decorated with stucco work and erected in the 1600s. Our scavenger hunt in Calabria’s historic hamlets ends with the hidden hint in the Arab-Moorish sculptures of the Fountain of the Dolphins… who will win the challenge?

 

Photo credits:
Scilla’s hamlet of Chianalea. Image from turiscalabria.it
The medieval center of Altomonte. Image from calabriatours.org
The ruins of the Norman Castle in Gerace. Image from mondimedievali.net
The Byzantine Church of Cattolica overlooking Stilo. Image from turiscalabria.it